You must know more than one person who unfortunately lost a tooth and had to have a dental implant. On more than one occasion we have talked about them and the importance of implant maintenance. A dental implant requires rehabilitation, and in this case, there may be several. Implant rehabilitation responds to a basic need: prosthetically replace the patient’s missing teeth. This is an important and urgent issue since, if not replaced, adjacent teeth migrate to free space. That, without a doubt, is a big problem.
What happens if we don’t rehabilitate them?
As we have commented, without rehabilitation, the surrounding teeth would end up moving towards the free part, so that a series of consequences would result:
· The denture is dismantled progressively, i.e. all the teeth adjacent to the extraction are tilted and the upper parts, when one is missing, gradually level down.
· Defects in teeth gear would arise.
· It would cause that in the future a replacement with prostheses could not be carried out.
· Cavities may appear. In this case they would occur in the continuous teeth when extracted.
Is orofacial pain always the same?
Not always. In fact, three types of pain are distinguished. Let’s see how we categorize it:
Mucous pain: it is caused by several factors, including tobacco, alcohol, drugs or prostheses. In these cases, the lesion and the origin of the pain usually coincide, so they are usually traceable.
Dental pain: the focus of pain is usually caused by the appearance of caries. In this case, it is also a localized pain.
Chewing pain: As the name suggests, the pain may come from the chewing muscles or it may be caused by a temporomandibular disorder.
Types of prosthetic rehabilitation
It has become clear that prosthetic rehabilitation is vital to avoid major problems. Therefore, when carrying it out, there are several types. Among them we find:
Fixed unit: applied to a single tooth. As the name indicates, it is permanently fixed. That is, the affected person cannot remove it.
Fixed full or with several teeth: In this case it can go from 8 to 10 implants.
In this group we find the All on 4 technique, consisting of replacing all the teeth of the upper or lower arch with a reduced number of dental implants. These are composed of titanium, a biocompatible material that is able to integrate into the bone. In this way, it allows the patient to provide fixed teeth immediately and without problems.
Overdenture: It consists of a fixed structure on the implant. The patient can remove the prosthesis so that he can maintain good hygiene.
In any case, it is very important to carry out a good maintenance of the implants so that in this way the procedure is lasting for years.